Operational Challenges Operational Challenges


Two factors have the most impact on your
lubrication requirement:

the number 1 the number 1

Engine type

4 stroke engine 4 stroke engine

Chevron image library. CAT 3516 TALE engine at Biogas Plant.

4 Stroke

Most natural gas engines are four-stroke/four-cycle engines with intake and exhaust valves, like gasoline or diesel engines. For this equipment, it’s desirable to have a moderate amount of ash in the oil, that acts as a cushioning agent to mitigate valve recession.


Heavy Duty Engine Oil Recommendations:


Low ash HDAX 5200


Low ash HDAX 3200

2 stroke engine 2 stroke engine

Photo: Ajax Engines | New, Refurbished, Remanufactured & Rebuilt Ajax Engines | Production Engine & Pump (

2 Stroke

A smaller subset of operations uses two-stroke engines, which generally call for an ashless oil as even the smallest amounts of ash buildup can plug intake and exhaust ports.


Heavy Duty Engine Oil Recommendations:


Ashless HDAX 5100


Ashless HDAX 3100

Take a closer look at the role and impact of ash

Ash plays an important role in protecting key engine components.
But what’s the right amount for your equipment?

number 2 number 2

Engine type



Well head gas that contains significant amounts of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is often referred to as sour gas. This composition increases the threat of piston and cylinder liner wear along with corrosion and engine contamination.With this type of fuel, compressors can use the same oil as the engine.


Heavy Duty Engine Oil Recommendations:


HDAX 5200


HDAX 3200



Natural gas or landfill gas is known as sweet gas, if it contains only trace amounts of H2S and CO2. In its pure form, sweet gas is non-corrosive, but may contain damaging rust particles picked up in transmission lines. With this type of fuel, compressors can use the same oil as the engine.


Heavy Duty Engine Oil Recommendations:


HDAX 5200


HDAX 3200



Liquid hydrocarbons found in “wet” natural gases cause a variety of issues, ranging from deposits in the fuel system, combustion chamber and ports to sticking fuel-valves and piston rings. If you’re using a wet natural gas, you need to use a specialized oil formulated toprotect compressors.


Heavy Duty Engine Oil Recommendations:


HDAX 5200


HDAX 3200

compressor lubrication compressor lubrication

What about compressor lubrication?

The right oil type for the compressor is determined by the expected amount of viscosity loss that will occur after the oil enters each area of the cylinder lube system.

Factors affecting viscosity loss include gas type, engine cleanliness, pressure and operating temperature. Generally speaking, heavier hydrocarbon gases and higher discharge pressures result in more dilution of the cylinder oil, which reduces the viscosity. To avoid excessive viscosity loss, synthetic lubricants or heavier ISO grade mineral oils are recommended.


A Chevron lubricant specialist will help you choose the right oil for your application.



coolants count too coolants count too

Coolants count too

Another vital component of industrial engine protection is the cooling system. 

Like engine oils, coolants have become increasingly sophisticated in their chemistry in recent years. Similarly, additives designed to combat corrosion and other damaging conditions can gradually lose their ability to function over time, making regular monitoring an essential part of your regular maintenance program. 

High ambient temperatures can result in unplanned engine derating due to the mechanical stresses of extreme operating conditions. By changing from a conventional 50/50 coolant mix to a 40/60 ELC formulation, you can avoid derating and lost revenue through diminished production.

Chevron offers a full line of next-gen coolants formulated to meet the specific demands of different engine types with protection that extends the life of the system. Explore below to learn more, then connect with a Chevron expert to find the one that’s ideal for your equipment. 

Do you want more information? Get the product data sheets:

The ideal choice for warmer climates

For applications where machines don’t require anti-freeze protection, Chevron offers the Delo ELI Corrosion Inhibitor. Its patented formulation protects cooling system metals from corrosion, erosion and pitting, including aluminum, iron, steel, brass, copper and solder alloys.